This is truth and can be easily seen that large-scale urban projects have always been directed mainly by top-down government or government supported large developer decisions and investments, whereas grassroots activists could most often influence nothing but l o c a l initiatives.
But although many reasonable arguments can be made in favor of this restrictive concept, it remains a real limitation which should be recognized as unfavorable for public life development. Not to mention the fact that, after all, even governments are very often incapable of developing large-scale urban projects.
It is worth trying to turn things around.
Thereby, linear urban schemes are much more about linking than about monopolizing; much more about networking and giving development opportunities than about ruling and imposing all-out regulations. And such is the Linear Partnership itself.
The Linear Partnership model is a subject of observation and research conducted by Artur Jerzy Filip and part of his PhD thesis. However, the study is based on experience and knowledge of many urban activists, entrepreneurs, government representatives, planners, and academics, to whom the author is very grateful for both trust and openness.
Artur Jerzy FILIP, an architect and urban planner. In 2010-2012, in accordance with the Linear Partnership methodology, he has initiated and developed the “Warsaw Cultural Trail” bottom-up project (thanks to scholarships granted by the City of Warsaw and by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of Poland). Now he is preparing a PhD dissertation which considers American bottom-up partnerships advocating for large-scale urban developments. Thanks to the Fulbright Commission Award, in the years 2015-2016 he was working as a visiting researcher at the Pratt Institute in New York City.
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